• The children are coping with the grief of losing their parents and at the same time, struggling with adult responsibilities.
  • They spend their days growing and preparing food, collecting water or working for food or money.
  • Many children have left school because they don't have time to go and have no school equipment or money for fees.
  • They lack security and adult protection.
  • Their neighbours and relatives are usually just as poor and can't offer any help.
  • People disregard their rights and even take their home, land or belongings.


  • These families stay together and look after each other, especially the younger ones.
  • The older children sacrifice their education to have time to provide for their family.
  • Some live in or rebuild their family home and have land they can cultivate.